Tag Archives: sysadmin

Sysadmin: check massive list of urls for HTTP status code reply in single line

As I mentioned in previous post I did a few upgrades to EasyApache4 on couple of WHM/cPanel servers recently. While providing with an impressive list of advantages this upgrade could render some of the hosted sites offline because of missing PHP modules and incompatible PHP versions. In order to minimize the downtime all hosted sites has to be verified for availability. There could be easily hundreds of web sites hosted on single WHM/cPanel server and checking all of them manually will take a lot of time. In Linux almost anything could be automated.
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cPanel: Upgrade to EasyApache4 important points to consider


So, you also decided to take a leap? It’s about time – a lot of new features are coming with EasyApache4 but in order to reduce downtime one has to be careful in the process.
I’ve done a couple upgrades of a company cPanel servers to EasyApache4 recently – not so easy procedure after all although definitely an improvement to the whole cPanel/WHM ecosystem.
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Centos: How to fine tune your Apache SSL server


The fine tuning of the SSL server side configuration is slow and tedious but necessary procedure. It’s always good to have your SSL site to conform the most latest security standards. It boosts ego and makes customer happy too. It turns out that all you need for that is already at your disposal the point is to properly configure it.
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Sysadmin: Brute force detection – custom rule for SMTP and SSH

I wrote before about excellent tool BFD that allows to block brute force password guessing attempts on different network services.
I prefer it to Fail2ban because of portability (bash script) system resource consumption (bash script!) and extendаbility (true “unix way” modularity).
I also wrote before a brief instruction on how to extend BFD with your own rule to fight with apache/Wordpress DOS attack.
In this post I will show you how to write custom rules to block SMTP password guessing brute force attempts and SSSHD

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Centos: recover MySQL users access after upgrade to MySQL-5.5

I had one of my customers asking me for the MySQL server version upgrade (OS provided MySQL 5.1.73 to something above MySQL 5.5) for one of his dedicated servers. Neither of us expected any problems from that, but we’ve ran into some that we had to resolve quickly because of production web sites running on the same server.
For more modern software versions I usually use excellent IUS reposity which in combination with EPEL repository serves about 87% of my needs in 3rd party packages and updates.
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Wordpress: Database access error of doom

wp-db-error Usually it happens after migration. When there is absolutely nothing that could possibly go wrong:
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sysadmin: cPanel installation script detected MySQL and failed

While trying to install cPanel control panel on just reimaged server I’ve got an interesting error, I’ve never seen before:

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Windows: Set lightweight web browser as MS windows default web browser application.

qtwebI was thinking the other day – it’s not really safe to have MS windows default browser set to MS Internet Explorer, so any URL you accidentally click will be open with it. For the work related activity I user portable browsers. But what about everything else – this is not really safe no matter how many MS security updates are published every week.
So, I decided to find something really small and “feature-poor” to assign it to the default browser.
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Sysadmin: How to see the name of PHP script that sent that e-mail

phplogo SPAM e-mail is the common problem these days and in most cases the cause of this problem is the lack of security on the hosted web sites. Various badly designed PHP scripts expose the hosting server MTA to be used as SPAM e-mails source. First and foremost step in resolving this problem would be to determine the originating PHP script that was used to send e-mails.
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Sysadmin: How to install latest ffmpeg on Centos

Ffmpeg_new_logo
I had a request to install latest ffmpeg on one of our Cnetos 5 servers the other day. Since I’m trying to stick the the proper package management I’ve had to look for the most recent ffmpeg RPM package on the pkgs.org site. As in most cases the search pointed me towards atrpms.net repository. Pkgs.org contains pretty detailed instruction on how to add the repository that contains the package you require but unfortunately it was not all that straightforward with atrpms.net
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